Question: I’ve been told that besides issues related to ethanol in my fuel, excess water accumulation is probably one of the most common problems with marine engines today. Is there any easy way to check for water in my outboard engine’s fuel system?
Answer: Besides your engine not running or running poorly, a periodic visual check of the fuel water separator on you engine is the best way to see if water is beginning to accumulate in your fuel system. Most modern engines have them installed, and some of the more sophisticated units even have wired electrodes that will sound an alarm when water gets to a certain level in the canister. In the photo above, anything you see below the red line shown is water, which will always settle to the bottom of the canister. Keep in mind that this small fuel strainer is the last line of defense in your fuel system. You really need a paper element fuel-water separator further upstream (closer to your fuel tank) in your system. I also recommend keeping a spare filter canister on board in case you accidentally pick up a mega-dose of water when refueling somewhere.
The trouble with the paper element fuel water separators (see inset photo) is that although they do a great job of filtering out debris and separating water, they are opaque for the most part so you can’t see what’s happening inside them. (OEM units are typically opaque; after-market units often have a clear fuel bowl at the base so you can see any water contamination.)
The bottom line here is that you need to get any excess water that builds up in your fuel system out of the system ASAP.
Also keep in mind that the occasional small amount of water that settles to the bottom of the canister on your engine is no cause for alarm. All fuel has some small amount of water in it that’s caused by condensation settling in the fuel storage tanks that are part of the fuel distribution chain. With the separator shown in the top photo, simply unscrew the canister and dump the water out. If there is any sediment in the filter screen, clean it with some fresh gasoline and reassemble the unit.